Structural Engineering



Structural engineering:

Structural engineering is the science of applying and understand, predict, and calculate the stability, strength and rigidity of built structures for buildings and non-building structures , to develop designs and integrate their design with that of other designers, and to supervise construction of projects on site. They can also be involved in the design of machinery, medical equipment, and vehicles where structural integrity affects functioning and safety.

Structural engineers analyze, design, plan, and research structural components and structural systems to achieve design goals and ensure the safety and comfort of users or occupants. Their work takes account mainly of safety, technical, economic and environmental concerns, but they may also consider aesthetic and social factors. Structural engineers ensure that buildings and bridges are built to be strong enough and stable enough to resist all appropriate structural loads (e.g., gravity, wind, snow, rain, seismic (earthquake), earth pressure, temperature, and traffic) in order to prevent or reduce loss of life or injury.

Revit MEP

Overview

Autodesk Revit MEP is building information modeling (BIM) software created by Autodesk for professionals who engage in MEP engineering. Revit MEP stands for mechanical, electrical, and plumbing, which are the three engineering disciplines that addresses. Revit as a modeling tool for mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems with capabilities for modeling, analysis, documentation, and collaboration. It allows users to design a building and structure and its components in 3D , annotate the model with 2D drafting elements, and access building information from the building model's database. Revit is 4D BIM capable with tools to plan and track various stages in the building's lifecycle, from concept to construction and later maintenance and/or demolition.

Why should you learn?

Revit MEP is able to leverage dynamic information in intelligent models allowing complex building systems to be accurately designed and documented in a shorter amount of time. Each intelligent model created with Revit MEP represents an entire project and is stored in a single database file. This allows changes made in one part of the model to be automatically propagated to other parts of the model, thus enhancing the workflow for Revit MEP users. Revit MEP was intended to allow architects and other building professionals to design and document a building by creating a parametric three- dimensional model that included both the geometry and non-geometric design and construction information, which is also known as Building Information Modeling or BIM. Two key differences in Revit were that its parametric components were created using a graphical "family editor" rather than a programming language, and all relationships between components, views, and annotations were captured by the model so that a change to any element would automatically propagate to keep the model consistent.

Learning objectives

For example, moving a wall would update the neighboring walls, floors, and roofs, correct the placement and values of dimensions and notes, adjust the floor areas reported in schedules, redraw section views, etc., so that the model would remain connected and all documentation would be coordinated. The concept of bi-directional associativity between components, views, and annotations was a distinguishing feature of Revit MEP for many releases. The ease of making changes inspired the name Revit, a contraction of Revise-It.

Learning outcomes:

  • You will know The Revit work environment that allows users to manipulate whole buildings or assemblies (in the project environment) or individual 3D shapes (in the family editor environment). Modeling tools can be used with pre-made solid objects or imported geometric models.
  • You will learn many categories of objects ('families' in Revit terminology), which divide into three groups, System Families- such as walls, floors, roofs and ceilings which are built inside a project.
  • You will understand Loadable Families, Components- which are built with primitives (extrusions, sweeps, etc.) separately from the project and loaded into a project for use.
  • You will get the experience on creating realistic and accurate families ranging from furniture to lighting fixtures, as well as import existing models from other programs. Revit families can be created as parametric models with dimensions and properties. This lets you modify a given component by changing predefined parameters such as height , width or number in the case of an array.

HVAC

Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) is the technology of indoor and vehicular environmental comfort. Its goal is to provide thermal comfort and acceptable indoor air quality. HVAC system design is a sub-discipline of mechanical engineering, based on the principles of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer. HVAC is an important part of residential structures such as single family homes, apartment buildings, hotels and senior living facilities, medium to large industrial and office buildings such as skyscrapers and hospitals, onboard vessels, and in marine environments, where safe and healthy building conditions are regulated with respect to temperature and humidity, using fresh air from outdoors.

HVAC technology combines a variety of topics: from general communication standards in building technologies, the role hydraulics plays in heating and cooling, room automation, lighting and shading technologies to the functionality of sensors and their proper installation and adjustment. We consolidate knowledge for technology buffs and experts alike and provide useful content from a variety of sources.

Introduction to building automation / HVAC technology

• Learn about buildings physical principles, heating and hydraulic systems, ventilation and air conditioning, measuring.
• Control technology
• Control of heating plants
• Hydraulics in building systems

Communication in building automation

• The communication protocol BACnet was specially developed for the requirements of buildings. It is suited for both the automation and the management level. The emphasis is placed on building automation with a view to HVAC plants, fire control panels, intrusion detection and access control systems.

Measure technology

• Learn how to measure response, tolerance and errors. Find help at defining variables for HVAC, at the placement and installation of sensors and for planning measurement.
• Psychometric chart - structure and application

Structural Analysis Design & Programming

STAAD.Pro

With the expansion of the construction industry, there is a rise in the demand of STAAD.Pro software as it has made designing very easy and efficient. A qualified Civil Engineer or Project Engineer is supposed to be well versed in this software. STAAD PRO is one of the most widely used structural analysis and design software products worldwide. It is not like Auto CAD, in AutoCAD you get to work in only 2 dimensions and that is not detailed. In this Software you work 3 dimensional. Mainly the Software reduces your manual calculation and time. This software helps Civil Engineers and Project Engineers in analyzing and designing a wide array of structures.

Overview

This software is capable of creating, optimizing and modifying 3-D designs of buildings. The three dimensional models help to understand the final look of the structure. CADD GRAFIX Technologies offers STAAD.Pro training along with STAAD.Pro reference guide. This training will make you proficient in using STAAD.Pro software.

Participants are equipped with various software functionalities like model generation and editing; loading analysis; concrete designing etc. The STAAD.Pro software training at CADDGRAFIX also offers proficiency in using the seismology; report generation; and steel and foundation design features. After completing the STAAD.Pro training, individuals can work as Structure Designers, Project Managers , Building Analysts, Quality Analysts, and Bridge Designers etc.

Learning Objectives

This program is a greatest time saver program and helps the one who are accustomed to do time consuming hand calculations, spreadsheets, and large scale simplifications of complex stress analysis and design situations. This course will help the students to familiarize on

Some of the features that we focus on training:

Mdoel Generation

Interactive menu-driven model generation with simultaneous 3D display 2Dand 3D graphic generation using rectangular or polar coordinate systems Segments of repetitive geometry used to generate complex structural models

Model Verification

2D/3D drawings on screen as well as on plotter/printer Full 3D shapes for frames, elements Isometric or any rotations for full 3D viewing

Static analysis

2D/3D analysis based on Matrix method to handle extremely large job. Linear, p-delta analysis, non- linear analysis with automatic load and stiffness correction.

Dynamic analysis

Mass modeling, extraction of frequency and mode shapes Response spectrum, time history analysis Modal damping ratio for individual models

Learning outcomes

  • You will learn how to design concrete beams, columns, slabs, footings as per all major international standard measurements.
  • Finite element capabilities, steel design, concrete design, and timber design. Forces and displacements at sections between nodes. Maximum and minimum force envelopes.
  • Identify the basics of structural modeling, Support specifications on building structures
  • Generate load specifications on structures, steel, concrete
  • Finite Element Analysis
  • Learn how to perform accurate and numerically efficient plate/shell element incorporating out-of- plane shear and in-plane rotation, automatic element mesh generation, comprehensive element stress output, in-plane stresses, out-of-plane shear, bending and principal stresses at nodal as well as user specified points.
  • Learn how to do flexible zoom and multiple view, isometric and perspective views and 3D shapes
  • Generate graphics/text input
  • Understand how to achieve user-specified design parameters to customize design
  • Understand how to perform code check, member selection and optimized member selection consisting of analysis/design cycles.
  • You will be awarded with material and certification

Benefits of Using STAAD.Pro Software

1. Flexible modeling environment. STAAD.Pro is based on latest programming technology that enables it to create an exact three dimensional replica of the required building or structure. The new STAAD.Pro software is equipped with advanced graphical environment and about 70 international design codes in 7 different languages. The flexible modeling environment of STAAD.Pro software is due to the availability of a wide variety of advanced structural analysis and design features.

2. Availability of a wide range of design codes. STAAD.Pro software has included both concrete and steel design together, thus making it a one-stop-point for building design. Due to the availability of a large variety of design codes, this software can easily determine the drift, deflection and depth of any construct. This software can also calculate the reinforcement for the concrete columns, beams and shear walls.

3. Interconnected and open architecture. Unlike other structural designing software, STAAD.Pro can be modified to suit the design needs. STAAD.Pro has been developed with an open architecture called Open STAAD. All the input and output functions are already included in the software itself. The software also has a pre-built collection of most used structures, such as trusses, buildings, mats, etc. that can be remodeled as per the requirement. New templates can also be added to the software. As it is an open architecture software, you can link your model to the Excel or Match CAD, so when the model changes, Excel also changes. One most exciting feature of this software is that it has embedded VBA that permits you to write your own designs and templates.

4. Contains All Features of Structural Engineering. STAAD.Pro software contains all the necessary tools required to design a structure. It works in-sync with other programs such as STAAD.Pro Foundation, STAAD. Offshore, and RAM Concept for designing of foundations, offshore structures and steel connection, respectively. Also, if you are designing bridges or pipes, the software includes their respective features as well.

ANSYS Civil

ANSYS is a general purpose software, used to simulate interactions of all disciplines of physics, structural, vibration, fluid dynamics, heat transfer and electromagnetic for engineers. NSYS, which enables to simulate tests or working conditions, enables to test in virtual environment before manufacturing prototypes of products. Furthermore, determining and improving weak points, computing life and foreseeing probable problems are possible by 3D simulations in virtual environment.

ANSYS Workbench

ANSYS Workbench is the framework upon which the industry’s broadest and deepest suite of advanced engineering simulation technology is built. An innovative project schematic view ties together the entire simulation process, guiding the user through even complex multiphysics analyses with drag-and-drop simplicity. With bi-directional CAD connectivity, the power of ANSYS Workbench comes from ANSYS solver algorithms with years of experience. Furthermore, the object of ANSYS Workbench is verification and improving of the product in virtual environment .

E-Tabs

The innovative and revolutionary new ETABS is the ultimate integrated software package for the structural analysis and design of buildings. ETABS offers unmatched 3D object based modeling and visualization tools, blazingly fast linear and nonlinear analytical power, sophisticated and comprehensive design capabilities for a wide-range of materials, and insightful graphic displays, reports, and schematic drawings that allow users to quickly and easily decipher and understand analysis and design results. From the start of design conception through the production of schematic drawings.

ETABS integrates every aspect of the engineering design process. Creation of models has never been easier - intuitive drawing commands allow for the rapid generation of floor and elevation framing. CAD drawings can be converted directly into ETABS models or used as templates onto which ETABS objects may be overlaid. The state-of-the-art SAPFire 64-bit solver allows extremely large and complex models to be rapidly analyzed, and supports nonlinear modeling techniques such as construction sequencing and time effects (e.g., creep and shrinkage).

MX Road

Overview

MX Road is road design and analysis software, it is an advanced string based modeling tool that enables the rapid and accurate design of all types of roads . It is widely used by civil engineers, designers, professional surveyors, geotechnical engineers, storm drainage/water/sewer system designers and civil engineering consultants.

Why should learn?

  • Access 3D modeling, construction-driven engineering, and analysis all in one application. MXROAD helps you streamline your workflow and reduce production time.
  • Create a 3D model at the beginning of your project and perform preliminary analysis and design visualization in real time with information-rich modeling integrated with mapping, GIS, and business tools such as PDFs, i-models, and hyper models.
  • MXROAD helps you improve design quality by combining traditional engineering workflows of plan, profile, and cross-sections with innovative 3D modeling technology based on parametric relationships and constraints.
  • Assure the project is engineered as designed using design intent, which is critical for the 3D model
  • Enable users to share project information across teams, locations and disciplines with precision and security
  • Use design-time visualization to experience your design on the fly and save money avoiding additional software and staff for visualization needs.

Learning outcomes

Everything you need for your transportation and civil design projects.

  • Survey and data acquisition for all field data types
  • Dynamic, interactive 3D modeling of roadways and corridors
  • Terrain modeling and analysis
  • Interactive coordinate geometry
  • Profiles and cross sections
  • Geometric design
  • Regression analysis.

Software Capabilities

  • Acquire and incorporate surveys, Create horizontal and vertical alignments
  • Create profiles and cross sections, Create project base maps
  • Design and analyze corridors, Generate civil project deliverables
  • Incorporate third-party models in civil designs, incorporate topography and aerial imagery
  • Model, analyze, and design complete storm water and sanitary sewer networks
  • Model and analyze terrain, Reuse common design layouts
  • Simulate vehicle path movement, Visualize designs

RCC & Structural Detailing

Overview:

RCC beams structural elements are designed to carry transverse external loads that cause bending moment, shear forces and in some cases torsion across their length. Concrete is strong in compression and very weak in tension. Steel reinforcement is used to take up tensile stresses in reinforced concrete beams. Good detailing of reinforcements with proper drawings are essential at the site to provide good construction process. These drawing generally also include a bar bending schedule. The bar bending schedule describes the length and number, position and the shape of the bar

Why should you learn?

AutoCAD RCC Structural detailing software is built on the AutoCAD platform. Structural engineering professionals use the software to help accelerate design, structural detailing, structural fabrication, and structural construction. AutoCAD Structural Detailing software helps with the tools to create detailed drawings of RC structure reinforcement. This includes a complete set of options for drawing details of an RC structure drawing, which are adjusted to the engineer-designer’s needs and make it possible to draw objects in an intuitive manner.

Learning Outcomes:

  • You will know how to use Weld symbols in drawings for creating manual weld definitions. Schedules and material takeoffs to update schedules automatically.
  • Customizable detailing and shop drawing styles to tailor shop drawings with customizable styles.
  • You will learn to use customizable detailing and shop drawing styles to more freely adjust the look of final shop drawings with customizable styles for engineers and drafters.
  • You will learn how to create more precise detailing and fabrication shop drawings for a variety of concrete structures.
  • You will learn how to make intelligent reinforcement bar definitions, use bar shape codes recognition.
  • You will know how to produce schedules and material takeoffs automatically from drawings, or export them to Microsoft Excel or Microsoft Word software.